Annotation Examples


annotation example in literature

Examples of Annotations From Purdue OWL Scroll down the page. Excellent annotations for examples using MLA (of a literary book); APA (of a sociology book); and Chicago (of a history book). Scientific Misconduct: An Annotated Bibliography Descriptive annotated . Sample APA Annotation. The annotation above both summarizes and assesses the book in the citation. The first paragraph provides a brief summary of the author's project in the book, covering the main points of the work. The second paragraph points out the project’s strengths and evaluates its methods and presentation. Oct 27,  · Annotation is the process by which we interact or engage with a text. The process itself can look quite different from person to person, but the similarities are characterized by marking up passages and/or making notes as one reads. No matter how you annotate, the goal is to engage with the text to ensure comprehension and a deeper understanding.

Annotation | Definition of Annotation at

Annotation is typically perceived as a means to an end. As marginal note-taking it often is the basis for questions asked in class discussion or points made in a final paper.

But annotation can also be a kind of end in itself, annotation example in literature, or at least more than a rest-stop on the way to intellectual discovery.

This becomes especially true when annotation is brought into the relatively public and collaborative space of social reading online. But even within pre-digital student marginalia there can be a wide range of types of annotation from defining terms and explaining allusions to analytic commentary to more creative responses to the text at hand.

As annotation becomes social and media-rich as it does using Hypothesis and other web annotation technologies, these species of marginalia only further proliferate. For those curious about integrating annotation exercises into an assignment or a course, below I outline ten practical ways that one might annotate with a class.

This list is by no means exhaustive—the larger point is that there are a lot of different ways for students and teachers to annotate. My hope is that over the course of the coming semesters, Hypothesis will develop as a community of educators sharing their ideas, assignments, successes, and failures.

As always, annotation example in literature, feel annotation example in literature to contact me at jeremydean hypothes. For a more technical guide to using Hypothesis, annotation example in literature our tutorials on getting started here. Pre-populate a text with questions for students to reply to in annotations or notes elucidating important points as they read, annotation example in literature.

Teacher annotation as a question on Hypothesis. One of the amazing aspects of social reading is that you can be inside the text with your students while they are reading, annotation example in literature, facilitating their comprehension, inspiring their analysis, and observing their confusion and insight.

You can guide students through the reading with your annotations, offering context and possible interpretations. This allows you to be the Norton editor of your course readings, but attentive to the particular themes of your course or local contexts of your classroom community. Or you can provoke student responses to the text through annotating with questions to be answered in replies to your annotations. Looking at responses to a question posed in the margin of a text is a great starting point for class discussion in a blended course.

In the classroom, students can be prompted to expand on points begun as annotations to jumpstart the conversation. And when there is no physical classroom space, as in online courses, annotation can be a means for the instructor to have a similar guiding presence and to create an engaging and engaged community of readers. The annotation example in literature pedagogical innovation of collaborative annotation, however, is that students are empowered as knowledge producers in their own right, so most of my suggested classroom annotation practices revolve around a variety of student-centered annotation activities in which they are the ones posing the questions and teachers are co-learners in the reading process, annotation example in literature.

There are also other use cases, however, annotation example in literature, for teacher annotation, such as using web annotation to comment on student writing published online, annotation example in literature. Have students look up difficult words or unknown allusions in a annotation example in literature and share their research as annotations.

Practical across a wide range of skill levels, this exercise can span from simply creating a list of vocabulary words from a text for study to presenting, as a class or individually, a text annotated like a scholarly volume. Think of the activity as creating a kind of inline Wikipedia on top of your course reading. For difficult texts, sharing the burden of the research necessary for comprehension can help students better understand their reading.

And there is something incredibly powerful about students beginning to imagine themselves as scholars, responsible for guiding a real audience through a text, whether their own peers or a broader intellectual community.

Students can be encouraged to practice skills like rephrasing research material appropriately annotation example in literature citing sources using different formatting styles. And, of course, glossing can be combined with more insightful annotation as well. More on the pedagogy of tags in this tutorial. Note: very soon in a matter of weeks we will be launching a private group feature that will streamline this workflow—annotations will be publishable to a specific group and that group will have a stream that can be followed.

Have students highlight, tag, and annotate words or passages annotation example in literature are confusing to them in their readings. An annotation need not be, annotation example in literature, and often is not, an answer. A simple question mark in the margin of a book can flag a word or passage for discussion. And such discussions can be generative of important explication annotation example in literature analysis.

Directing students to annotate in this way creates a sort of heat map for the instructor that can be used to zero in on troubling sections and subjects or spark class discussion. Tags categorizing the particular problem could be used as a simple way to prompt clarification vocab, plts, research methods, etc.

Have students identify formal textual elements and broader social and historical contexts at work in specific passages. Online annotation powerfully enacts the careful selection of text for in-depth analysis that is the hallmark of much high annotation example in literature and college English and language arts curriculum. Using web annotation, students are required to literally select small pieces of meaningful evidence from a document for specific analysis.

Teachers can direct students to identify textual features word choice, repetition, imagery, metaphor, etc. Teachers implementing the Common Core State Standards for reading might pay special attention to this use case for annotation in the classroom. Some teachers will use web annotation as a tool throughout the semester for this purpose.

Students thus gain regular practice in close reading and build ideas towards more substantive, summative assignments. Such assignments can also begin as collaborative exercises done by the entire class and culminate with individual or small group annotation projects. Have students mark and explain the use of rhetorical strategies in online articles or essays. Whether analyzed as a class or individually, a clearly argumentative piece should be chosen for this assignment, annotation example in literature, perhaps from an op-ed page in a newspaper annotation example in literature magazine.

Students might be asked first to simply identify rhetorical strategies like ethospathosand logos using the tag feature in annotations created with Hypothesis. On a second pass, they can be asked to elaborate on how and why a certain strategy is being used by the author.

Identification of rhetorical fallacies could be built into this or a related assignment as well. Note: in order to make such an exercise more streamlined, we plan in the near to future allow users to pre-populate a set of controlled terms with which a group can tag their annotations. Combined with exercises six and nine, annotation as rhetorical analysis could be part of a composition course that also has students map arguments in a controversy using annotation and then begin their own advocacy through annotation of primary sources mapped and analyzed.

Have students share their personal opinions on a controversial topic as discussed by an article. A lot of how people are interacting with content online today—commenting on web articles, Tweeting about them with brief notes—is a kind of annotation. At Hypothesis we might think of web annotation as a more rigorous form of such engagement with language and ideas on the Internet.

In any case, allowing students to express their opinions in the margins of the Web, annotation example in literature, and helping them become responsible and thoughtful in those expressions, is a huge part of what it means to be literate both on the Web and in democratic society more generally.

Students could be asked simply to respond to annotation example in literature reading with their thoughts, as in a dialectical reading journal, or employ specific cultural or persuasive strategies in their rhetorical intervention.

Again, this advocacy exercise could be a summative assignment within a unit that uses Hypothesis to complete annotation activities like those described in ways five and nine here. Have students annotate with images and video or integrate images and video into other types of annotations. A student annotation with evocative use of images on Genius, annotation example in literature. One of the unique aspects of online annotation and online writing in general is the ability to include multimedia elements in the composition process.

The use of images can simply be representative this is a reference to Lincoln with a annotation example in literature of the 16th presidentbut more advanced students can be taught to think about how images themselves make arguments and serve other rhetorical purposes.

It is advisable to spend a lesson introducing the idea of digital writing to students with particular attention to the use of images, covering everything from search to use policies and attribution.

Annotation example in literature traditional teachers may be less accustomed to assessing such multimedia compositions and should spend some time thinking about and explaining to their students a grading rubric.

Have students explore the Internet on their own with some limited direction find an article from a respectable source on a topic important to you personallyexercising traditional literacy skills define difficult words, identify persuasive strategies, etc. Many of the above exercises presume that students are annotating for the most part together on a shared course text.

But the nature of web annotation is that we can see the notes of others even if we are not reading the same text. In this way, we can attend to annotations as texts themselves. And through web annotation students can be taught to navigate the digital world responsibly and thoughtfully. You can click on a username attached to an annotation or search the Hypothesis stream for a username to locate this page. Whether or not one goes so far as to let students roam free on the open Web applying their classroom learning, we have found it to be valuable to have a unit develop from collaborative work to independent or small group work.

Students might start off annotating together on a few select texts, getting a sense of what annotation means and how a particular platform like Hypothesis works, but by the end of a term become responsible for glossing or analyzing a single text or set of texts themselves.

Have students research a topic or theme and tag and annotate relevant texts across the Internet. Tagging in page-level annotations as social bookmarking.

This is a different kind of annotation than largely discussed above. Here we are annotating on the level of the document rather than on a particular selection of text. Users can create unanchored annotations for this purpose using the annotation icon on the sidebar without selecting any particular text within a document. But this annotation exercise practices solid research skills and can be used as preparation for research assignments. In fact, using annotation as a annotated bibliography assignment is an excellent way for teachers to follow and guide student research during the process itself.

The result of this assignment will be something useful for a paper such as a summary of the major stakeholders of a particular issue and how they articulate their positions. Of course this kind of annotation as page-level commentary can be combined with more fine-grained attention through annotation to the texts of these tagged documents. In addition to outlining sources needed for a paper, the student can begin to break down those sources for close reading within an essay.

Have students respond creatively to their reading with their own poetry or prose or visual art as annotations. Book art annotation example in literature Kaspen for the Anagram Bookstore. Annotation need not be overtly analytical. Whether in writing or using other media, students can respond creatively to texts under study through annotation as well, inserting themselves within the intertextual web that is the history of literature and culture, annotation example in literature.

One creative writing exercise might be to have students annotate in the voices of a characters from a novel being read. Or to have them re-imagine passages written as newspaper stories.

Students can also use their imaginations to annotate texts with their own drawings, photographs, or videos inline with the relevant sources of textual inspiration. Whether completed individually or collaboratively this exercise can result in some wonderful, illustrated editions of course texts.

Teacher Annotations Pre-populate a text with questions for students to reply to in annotations or notes elucidating important points as they read. Annotation bookshelf by Lau Design. CommunityPrivacy and Accessibility at Hypothesis.


Annotated Bibliography Samples // Purdue Writing Lab


annotation example in literature


Mar 22,  · Excellent annotations for examples using MLA (of a literary book); APA (of a sociology book); and Chicago (of a history book) Scientific Misconduct: An Annotated Bibliography Descriptive annotated bibliography with carefully selected Trent Brager. Sample APA Annotation. The annotation above both summarizes and assesses the book in the citation. The first paragraph provides a brief summary of the author's project in the book, covering the main points of the work. The second paragraph points out the project’s strengths and evaluates its methods and presentation. Figurative language often reveals deeper layers of meaning. • Use a T for Tone: Tone is the overall mood of a piece of literature. Tone can carry as much meaning to the story as the plot does. • Use a Th – Theme: In literature, a theme is a broad idea in a story, or a message or lesson conveyed by a work.